Everyone going to live in a new environment will experience culture shock to some degree. They will also be offered the opportunity to learn and grow in unique and exciting ways.
The term refers to the stresses and strains which accumulate from being forced to meet one’s everyday needs (e.g. language, climate, food, cleanliness, companionship) in unfamiliar ways.
Effects of Culture Shock:
- Mental Fatigue
- Disorientation about how to work with and relate to others
- Lack of Motivation
- Physical Discomfort
If these symptoms become severe, please contact the University Counseling Center. Keep in mind the cultural adjustment happens in a "U" curve.
Food & Healthy Eating
Some people relocating to the United States may find it difficult to eat as healthy as they had in their home countries. Even with its countless fast food restaurants, the United States still offers a number of healthy alternatives. Healthy eating is a priority to many Americans and as a result many restaurants, including fast food places such as McDonald’s, offer healthy alternatives on their menus. Popular throughout the United States is the food pyramid which offers suggestions on the amount of different varieties of food an individual should eat on a daily basis. If you are struggling with knowing what to eat, please visit the Student Health Service.
Slang is informal language consisting of words and expressions that are not considered appropriate for formal occasions. Slang usage is very prevalent among college kids. If you hear a word spoken that you do not understand and cannot find in a dictionary, it is most likely a slang word. Do not be afraid to ask others what a certain word means, as it may be important that you understand the exact definition of a word in order to avoid certain situations. There are a number of websites that will provide you with a list of regularly used slang words—though they are by no means comprehensive as there are always new words being created and used.
Americans tend to be very time conscious and place high value on promptness. If you are going to be more than ten minutes late for an appointment or meeting, you should telephone ahead to let the other party know.
In the United States it is customary and expected to tip your service providers as a way to show appreciation for their service. It should be kept in mind that tips are a way of expressing satisfaction and are given because many people, including servers and bartenders, do not make as much money as other employees because their pay is to be supplemented with the tips they make. Larger tips should be left for those who provide extraordinarily good service; smaller tips or no tip at all should be left when service is poor. All percentages are out of the entire price of what you are buying.
- Waiter/Waitress in a Restaurant 15-20% of total bill
- Food Delivery Driver 15% of total bill
- Bartender 15% of total bill
- Taxi Driver 15% of total bill
- Hair Dresser 15% of total bill
You should never tip police officers, physicians, government or University employees. It may be interpreted as a bribe, which is illegal. You do not tip bus drivers, theatre ushers, museum guides, salespeople, employees at fast food restaurants, or hotel clerks.
Welcome Center for New Pennsylvanians
World Affairs Council of Pittsburgh
Study in the States